Essay on Atlantic Ocean for Students & Children’s in English

The essay on the Atlantic Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth. The Atlantic is split by the Equator into 2 rather artificial sections the North Atlantic and also the South Atlantic.

Its name derives from Atlantikos (Atlas – the ocean on the far side the Atlas Mountains), one amongst the Titans of Greek mythology.

What is the Atlantic Ocean?

Essay on the Atlantic Ocean is actually a basin or an oversized bucket stretching from north to south. From the Arctic Ocean, north of Antarctic continent within the south, within the house between the East Coast of North America and South America and also the western coasts of Europe and Africa. It occupies over 106 million sq km of total space.

The boundary between the Arctic Ocean and also the North Atlantic has been set randomly, through submarine ridges between the land lots of islands, Baffin Island, and European country.

However, it’s clearer to mark the boundary with the Mediterranean Sea up to the Strait of Rock of Gibraltar and with the Caribbean on the arc-shaped by the islands of the Caribbean.

The South Atlantic is randomly separated from the ocean by the meridian of the line of longitude 20° and also the Pacific by the line any extending between Cape Horn and also the Antarctic Peninsula.

About Depth of Atlantic Ocean:

On Yankee, Antarctic, African and European coasts detritus of rocks scoured continents to accumulate, forming the ocean bottom. Chains and seamounts were inconsistently unfolded from east to west between the continental shelves and therefore the middle Atlantic Ridge dividing the eastern and western sea bottom in a very series of basins called abyssal plains.

The basins on the Yankee aspect of the center Atlantic Ridge have a depth of over five,000 m and are the North Yankee Basin, the basin of the Guianas, Brazil, and Argentina. The Euro-African profile is marked by many basins shallowest: the basin of Western Europe, the basin of the Canaries, the terrace Republic of Cape Verde Basin African country, Guinea, of Angola, Cape, and Cape Needles. the big Atlantic-Indica western basin extends on the south most space of the eastern ridge.

The essay on Atlantic Ocean has a median depth of three thousand nine hundred and twenty-six meters. At its deepest purpose, the Puerto anti-racketeering law Trench, the ocean bottom is eight thousand seven hundred and forty-two meters deep.

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About Islands of Atlantic Ocean:

The different islands which are located in the oceans are just given below:


  • Isla Observatorio
  • Gable Island
  • Tierra del Fuego
  • Isla de Los Estados
  • Falkland Islands
  • Antarctic region
  • Turtle Islands
  • Bouvet Island
  • Isla Bermejo
  • Rocas Atoll
  • Saint Helena
  • Ascension Island


  • Barbados
  • The Bahamas
  • Bermuda
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Magdalen Islands
  • Anticosti
  • Newfoundland
  • Cape Breton Island
  • Sable Island
  • Coastal Islands
  • Oak Island


  • Bissagos Islands
  • Azores
  • Canary Islands
  • Cape Verde Islands
  • Madeira
  • British Isles
  • Rockall


  • Greenland
  • Iceland
  • Baffin Island
  • Faroe Island

The climate of the Atlantic Ocean:

Essay on Atlantic Ocean could also be represented as a bed of water with temperatures below 9°C (layer of cold water) supporting a water see the 9°C (layer of heat water), that extends from 50° latitudes N 50°S latitude and has a median depth of concerning 600 m. The foremost pronounced circulation is localized within the outer layer of heat water.

Below this, circulation becomes increasingly slower with decreasing temperature.
Surface temperatures vary from 0°C (found within the Arctic and Antarctic margins values) and 27°C (along with the Equator belt).
At depths below two thousand meters stay unchanged temperatures around 2°C, whereas within the waters of the ocean bottom, over 4,000 m, it’s traditional to seek out -1°C temperature.


Ocean Resources of Atlantic Ocean:

Essay on Atlantic Ocean has a number of the foremost productive fishing grounds within the world, settled on the continental shelves and marine ridges at the peak of British Isles, Iceland, North American country (especially the fishing grounds of Newfoundland) and northeastern us.

Outcrop areas, wherever the deep waters wealthy with a nutrient flow to the surface, fancy abundant marine life, like Walvis Bay in southeast Africa. Tuna is additionally fished in massive quantities northwest Africa and northeastern South America. Fishing per unit space is far additional abundant within the Atlantic than in alternative oceans.

The Sargasso Sea is an impressive example of marine flora; it’s settled during a North Atlantic oval section extending from the Caribbean to the island south and is finite on the west and north by the Gulf stream (approximately up to the coast of Newfoundland within the north). On its surface, it’s comparatively straightforward to seek out thickets of alga known as brown algae.

The Atlantic-Ocean is additionally wealthy in natural resources. The eastern coastal space of Florida operates mines metallic element, zircon, and mineral (phosphates derived from metallic element metals), whereas within the equatorial coast of Africa abounds metallic element and ore.

The continental shelves and slopes of the Atlantic are probably wealthy in fossil fuels. Within the North Sea region and within the Gulf of United Mexican States are extracted massive amounts of oil; but, on the African coast and within the Gulf of Guinea these extractions are performed to a lesser extent.


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