Essay on Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay or Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was a Bengali author, poet, and journalist. He was the composer of India’s national song Vande Mataram, originally in Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother god and inspiring the activists throughout the Indian Independence Movement.
Chattopadhyay wrote 13 novels and lots of serious, seriocomic, satirical, scientific and important treaties’ in Bengali. His works were wide translated into different regional languages of India also as in English. Bankim Chandra was born in the orthodox Brahmin family and he educated to Hooghly Moshin college based by Bengali philanthropist Muhammad Mohsin and Presidency college at Calcutta.
He was one in every one of the primary graduates of the University of Kolkata. he served as a deputy justice and deputy collector within the Government of British India. When Bipin Chandra Pal set to begin a patriotic journal in August 1906, he named it Vande Mataram, once Chattopadhyay’s song. Lala Lajpat Rai additionally revealed a journal of constant name.
Early Life and Background:
Essay on Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay: Chattopadhyay was born within the city of the north in the village of Kanthalpara and twenty-four Parganas, close to Naihati, in an orthodox Bengali Brahmin family, Durgadebi and Chandra Chattopadhyaya they have three younger brothers. His father, a government official, went on to become the Deputy Collector of Midnapur.
One in all his brothers, Sanjib Chandra Chattopadhyay was additionally a writer and his better-known for his famous book “Palamau”. He was educated at the Hooghly Mohsin college and later at the Presidency College, graduating with a degree in Arts [Law] in 1858. He was one among the primary 2 graduates of the University of Kolkata particularly he and Jadunath Bose.
He later obtained a degree in Law furthermore, in 1869. He was appointed as Deputy Collector, similar to his father, of Jessore, Chattopadhyay went on to become a Deputy Magistrate, retiring from government service in 1891. However, he has created a Companion, Order of the Indian Empire in 1894.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee:
Chattopadhyay’s earliest publications were in Ishwar Chandra Gupta’s Following the model of Ishwar Chandra Gupta, he began his literary career as an author of verse. His majestic abilities showed him different directions and turned to fiction. His 1st try was completely unique in Bengali submitted for a declared prize. He failed to win the prize, and therefore the novel was ne’er published.
His 1st fiction to seem in print was Rajmohan’s wife. it absolutely was written in English and is considered the primary Indian novel to be written in English. He could not gain any praise by writing his novel in English, realizing the very fact that he could not have a sleek literary career if he wrote in English, he turned his attention towards Bengali literature. Durgeshnondini, his 1st Bengali romance and therefore the 1st ever novel in Bengali, was published in 1865.
Kapalkundala is Chattopadhyay’s 1st major publication. The hero of this novel was Nabakumar. However, the partial similarities area unit only inferential analysis by critics, and Chattopadhyay’s heroine could also be fully his original. He had chosen Dariapur in Contai Subdivision because of the background of this famous novel.
His next romance, Mrinalini, marks his 1st decision to set his story against a bigger historical context. This book marks the shift from Chattopadhyay’s early career, within which he was strictly an author of romances, to a later amount within which he aimed to stimulate the intellect of the Bengali speaking folks and bring a few cultural renaissances of Bengali literature.
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Chattopadhyay’s next novel, Devi Chaudhurani, was revealed in 1884. His final novel, Sitaram (1886), tells the story of a neighborhood Hindu lord, torn between his girl, etc. and therefore the woman he needs however unable to realize, makes a series of blunders and takes arrogant, dangerous choices. Finally, he should confront himself and encourage the few loyal soldiers that stand between his estate and therefore the Muslim Nababs army close to take over.
Kamalakanter Daptar contains 0.5 humorous and 0.5 serious sketches. Kamalakanta is an opium-addict, almost like Delaware Quincey’s Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, however, Bankim Chandra goes abundant on the far side along with his deft handling of sarcastic, political messages that Kamalakanta delivers.