Essay on Oceans of the World for Students & Children’s in English

Essay on Oceans of the World could be a body of saline water that composes a lot of a planet’s layer. On Earth, an ocean is one of the most important typical divisions of the Planet Ocean. These are, in descending order by space, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic Oceans. The word ocean is commonly used interchangeably with “ocean” in American English however, to be precise, an ocean could be a body of saline water (generally a division of the planet ocean) partially or totally enclosed by land.

Up to this time, once it involves discussions regarding the earth’s surface cover, most of it’s coated by water. Regarding the seventieth of the whole earth, the surface is overlaid with water, most of that area unit the oceans. Out of the whole water surface on earth, quite ninety-six is that the ocean salty waters.

The oceans are the big masses of water bordering the continents. Despite the fact that they’re all interlinked, they’re preponderantly categorized into 5 oceans Essay on Oceans of the World.

Five Oceans of the World, What are the Oceans of the World?

The Major Five Essay on Ocean of the World are given below:

  1. Atlantic Ocean
  2. Pacific Ocean
  3. Indian Ocean
  4. Antarctic Ocean
  5. Arctic Ocean


The Atlantic Ocean is outlined as the second largest ocean on the planet with a section concerning 106,400,000 sq. Km. It’s encircled by Europe and Africa within the east and by America within the west. The ocean is formed from the Baltic Sea, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea and also the Gulf of United Mexican States. The Atlantic Ocean was extremely referred to as a voyage ocean up to the fifteenth century, therefore, having a historical marking for colonization and spice trade. It conjointly spreads intently on the Antarctic Ocean within the south and also the Arctic Ocean within the north.

The ocean is split by the equator into North and South Atlantic. The world adjacent to the north of the equator, between South America and Africa, is termed as Central Atlantic. The water during this space is totally completely different from the waters within the northern half, which is between North America and Europe. The ocean hosts several aquatic species as well as the black whale that is recorded as the largest living toothed creature.

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The ocean is additionally the saltiest of all the oceans and this salinity is especially contributed by the method of precipitation, evaporation, ocean ice melting and streamflow. The water within the Atlantic Ocean circulates in an anti-clockwise direction, whereas within the North Atlantic the circulation is in a very right-handed direction. This development is owed to the consequence.

Some of the environmental issues includes vulnerable marine species like seals, manatee, turtles, whales, and ocean lions drift net fishing that results in overfishing municipal sludge pollution off southern Brazil, eastern U.S., and Japanese Argentina; oil pollution in Gulf of United Mexican States, Mediterranean, Lake Maracaibo, and Caribbean Sea; waste material pollution and industrial waste from sea, Baltic Sea, and Mediterranean Essay on Oceans of the World.

Essay on Oceans of the World


The Pacific Ocean is the largest of all the oceans. Its location is between the eastern coastlines of African and Asia and also the western coastlines of the yank ground. It’s conjointly delimited by the Antarctic Ocean within the south and also the Arctic Ocean within the north. The Pacific Ocean extends to regarding 162,200,000 sq. Km and it conjointly has the longest bonds that total to or so 135,663 Km.

Of all the ocean waters, the Pacific constitutes roughly forty sixths and covers quite a 3rd of the whole area. Attributable to this, it’s larger than the ground space on the earth’s surface combined. The equator passes within the middle of the Pacific Ocean that divides it into the South Pacific Ocean and also the North Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean has terribly restricted occurrences of damaging ocean currents or movements, that makes it a peaceful ocean.

Some of these atmosphere issues include vulnerable marine species like the seals, whales, turtles, sea otter, dugong, and ocean lion and oil pollution in the South China ocean and a battle of the Philippine Sea Essay on Oceans of the World.


The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean within the planet. It covers an expanse of concerning 73,556,000 sq. Km. Similar to the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean was extremely called a voyage ocean up to the fifteenth century that gave it a historical marking for formation and spice trade. For this reason, the Indian Ocean features a good record of all types of humanity, all the means through global history.

The Indian Ocean is encircled by the eastern coast of a continent that constitutes the shores of the center East and the Republic of India within the north. Australia and South East Asia separate the Indian Ocean from the Pacific Ocean. Also, the Indian Ocean has plentiful exotic animal and plant species.

The ocean additionally makes up around 2 hundredths of all the water on the world surface and it’s a significant ocean route connecting the center East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and America. Up to four-hundredth of all offshore drilling is from the Indian Ocean. Beach sands also are exploited by a majority of the countries bordering the Indian Ocean significantly as a result of they’re made insignificant metals.

The Indian Ocean is similarly comparatively heat compared to different oceans, which limits the expansion of phytoplanktons. numerous ports have additionally been originated on the coasts of the Indian Ocean specifically the Port of Singapore and also the Bombay Port. Gulfs, bays, and straits also are various among the spreads of this ocean.

Some of the environmental issues here include vulnerable marine species like seals, whales, turtles, and dugong; and oil pollution within the Persian Gulf, Arabia Sea, and sea.


The ocean is that the fourth largest within the planet and solely covers a neighborhood of regarding 20,327,000 sq. Km. It’s wide called the ‘Southern Ocean’ since it’s set next to the South Pole. One necessary side of the ocean is that contains a tremendous influence on the planet’s weather patterns. It conjointly joins the waters of the ocean, Pacific, and the Atlantic Ocean with a continual easterly current.

In the ocean zone, the hotter waters of the subantarctic combine with the cold northward flowing waters within the Antarctic. varied types of marine animals live and rely on the plant life within the ocean, creating it an ocean wealthy in various marine species. Besides, the ocean may be an installation of natural resources together with valuable minerals and large oil and gas fields.

The biggest environmental issues within the Southern Ocean are the impacts of worldwide warming, overfishing, global climate change, and ocean currents Essay on Oceans of the World.


The Arctic Ocean is that the shallowest and smallest of all the oceans of the planet, quite 5 times smaller than the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Its expanse is concerning 13,986,000 sq. Kms and it principally lies within the Arctic Circle. The Arctic Ocean is edged by the North Yankee and therefore the Eurasian continents. Most of the time throughout the year, the ocean is roofed with thick mountains of ice and it even remains impassable throughout summer.

The ocean is settled within the northern hemisphere and is usually appeared to be the northmost a part of the complete World Ocean. Since ice cover freezes and melts often, the surface temperatures and therefore the salinity wide vary. Compared to the opposite oceans, its salinity is that the lowest because it has restricted connections to alternative oceans, a lower quantity of evaporation, and a continuous flow of fresh from streams and rivers. Vegetation is comparatively very little within the ocean. Phytoplanktons are common.

Some of the pressing environmental problems within the ocean embody vulnerable marine species like the whales and walruses; and a fragile scheme that slowly adjusts from harm or disturbance Essay on Oceans of the World.


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