Important Facts of Southern Ocean: The Southern Ocean is additionally referred to as the Antarctic Ocean set within the hemisphere that surrounds the Antarctic continent. It’s stratified because of the fourth- largest of the 5 principal oceans within the world constituting fifteen % of the earth’s waters. The Southern Ocean is that the newest named ocean recognized by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.
Historically, there are solely four named oceans: the Pacific, Indian, Atlantic, and the Arctic. However, most countries significantly the united states of America (USA) recognized the Southern Ocean because of the fifth ocean. The boundaries of the Southern Ocean were planned to the International Oceanography Organization (IHO).
Geographers believed that the waters of the Southern Ocean are simply an extension of the four mentioned oceans. Thus, not all countries in agreement on the planned boundaries. Until now, the talk that relates to its boundaries, additionally as its proclamation because the fifth ocean still remains unresolved. Facts of Southern Ocean….
Facts About the Southern Ocean :
LOCATION OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The position of Southern Ocean is found at sixty degrees on South latitude within the hemisphere. The Southern Ocean waters converge with waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and therefore the ocean in sixty degrees’ south latitude.
DISCOVERY OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
Within the year 1972, the region of the continent was 1st sailed by David Henry Lewis, the New Dane. However, Bartolome Diaz and Fernao Magalhaes are magnificently referred to as the explorers who came connected with the cold waters of the Southern Ocean. Southern Ocean was created by the International hydrographical Organization (IHO) within the year 2000.
GEOLOGY OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The ocean is made because of the ensuing impact of the tectonic plate movements between continent and South America plates. When the gradual movements of the 2 plates, it opened a Drake passage that allowed the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) to create. This current but is that the distinctive feature of the ocean because of its ability to flow the waters all around the continent of the continent.
MINERALS OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
Minerals. Since the Southern Ocean is roofed with Icebergs and ice throughout winter, several believe that there’ll be an accumulation of minerals like gold, owing to gravity separation. Also, it might presumably contain an outsized quantity of oil deposits and gas fields on the continental margin. Moreover, owing to the floating icebergs, minerals like metallic element modules might even be found.
CLIMATE OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The atmospheric condition within the Southern Ocean relies on the seasons. The summer season runs from Oct to February whereas winter seasons fall from March to Sep. Since the Southern Ocean is roofed with Icebergs and Ice throughout winter, it accustomed cowl most of the Arctic Ocean all year- spherical. once the ice melts, the salinity and temperature vary wherever the sub freezing temperatures cool the air that travels towards the equator which ends up rain and storm.
BORDERING COUNTRIES OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
There are several nations that claim the possession of some territories of the Antarctic Ocean. Such are the Espana, nice Great Britain, Norway, South America, Argentina, and alternative European countries. Negotiations on the International accord were initiated by Great Britain to finish the impasse nonetheless some Latin American countries rejected it.
MARINE LIFE OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
A number of the marine life that inhabits the ground of Southern Ocean includes the Hoff crabs, ocean pigs (sea cucumber), krill, and a large type of sea star. These organisms have naturally possessed characteristics to adapt to the cold waters of the Southern Ocean. the biggest penguin species are found within the Southern Ocean that is termed the emperor penguin.
OCEAN CURRENT OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The Antarctic Circumpolar Current that makes the waters transported fairly through the full region of the Antarctic continent is close to moving at a hundred thirty million isometric meters of water per second. It’s aforesaid that the waters with fast current area unit the sole waters that embrace the ocean. This, however, makes the naming of the ocean into debates.
PORTS OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The Southern Ocean’s major operational ports are the Rothera Station, golf player Station, Villa Las Estrellas, Esperanza Base, Mawson Station, McMurdo Station, and offshore anchorages in the Antarctic. Most of the ports are operated by the govt. analysis stations and close to industrial or non-public vessels. In some regions, there are solely a couple of ports that exist attributable to restricted waters thanks to ice formation.
ALSO READ: ESSAY ON SAVE ENVIRONMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF SOUTHERN OCEAN:
The increase of solar ultraviolet light that originates from the Antarctic hole results in the scale back of the first productivity or plant. apart from that, it damages the genetic makeup of some fishes living within the ocean.
Some cases of smuggled fishing of some species just like the Patagonian toothfish additionally happens within the region that additionally ends up in the rise of the mortality of seabirds that wont to catch the toothfish. most significantly the difficulty of world warming has been the threat of ocean. Studies show that if the ice sheets within the Southern Ocean melts, it’d rise around the world the maximum amount as sixty-five meters.