Essay on Jayaprakash Narayan was popularly remarked as JP or Lok Nayak was an Indian independence activist, theoretician, and leader remembered particularly for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he referred to as a “total revolution”.
His life history, Jayaprakash, was written by his nationalist friend and an eminent author of Hindi literature, Ramavriksha Benipuri. In 1999, he was posthumously awarded the India Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in recognition of his social service.
Different awards embody the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965. The Patna airport is additionally named once him. Maulana Azad Medical College has known The biggest hospital travel by the Delhi government and therefore the teaching hospital and Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Hospital are additionally named once him. it had been once referred to as Irwin hospital. On August 1, 2015, the Chhapra Delhi-Chhapra Weekly express was renamed as “Loknayak Express” in his honor. Essay on Jayaprakash Narayan,,,
The early life of Jayaprakash Narayan:
Jayprakash Narayan was born on eleven October 1902. Within the village of Sitabdiara may be a massive village, straddling 2 states and 3 districts Chhapra and Arrah in Bihar and Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. His house was close to the banks of the flood-prone Ghagra river in Lala Tola, Bihar. Each time the river swelled, the house would get a bit broken, eventually forcing the family to move a couple of kilometers away to a settlement that is currently called Jay Prakash Nagar and falls in Uttar Pradesh. He came from a Kayastha family.
He was the fourth kid of Harsu Dayal and Phul rani Devi. His father Harsu Dayal was a junior official within the Canal Department of the state government and was usually moving the region. Once Narayan was nine years old, he left his village to inscribe in seventh class of the collegial college at Patna. This was his initial break from village life. JP stayed at a student hostel—Saraswati Bhawan in that most of the boys were a little older.
This was his initial break from village life. JP stayed at a student hostel Saraswati Bhawan in that most of the boys were a little older. In Oct 1920, Narayan was married to Braj Kishore Prasad’s daughter Prabhavati Devi, a freedom fighter in her own right. At the time of the wedding, Jayaprakash was eighteen years and Prabhavati was fourteen years older, which was a normal age for a wedding in this amount.
When their wedding, since Narayan was operating in Patna and it had been difficult for his wife to remain with him, on the invite of Gandhi, Prabhavati became an inmate at the Ashram of Gandhi. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad discusses the Non-co-operation movement launched by Gandhi against the passing of the Rowlatt Act of 1919. Essay on Jayaprakash Narayan…..
Higher education in the United States:
After exhausting the courses at the Vidyapeeth, Jayaprakash set to continue studies within the U.S.A. At age twenty, Jayaprakash sailed aboard the cargo ship Janus whereas Prabhavati remained at Sabarmati. Jayaprakash reached California on eight Oct 1922 and was admitted to Berkeley in Jan 1923.
To buy his education, Jayaprakash picked grapes, set them bent on dry, packed fruits at a canning factory, washed dishes, worked as a mechanic at a garage and at a slaughterhouse, sold lotions and educated. Jayaprakash was forced to transfer to The University of Iowa once fees at Berkeley were doubled. He was forced to transfer to several universities thereafter. He pursued his favorite subject, sociology, and received a lot of facilitating from professor Edward Ross.
Politics of Jayaprakash Narayan:
Narayan came back from the U.S.A. to India in late 1929 as a Marxist. He joined the Indian National Congress on the invite of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi became his mentor within the Congress. He shared a house at Kadam Kuan in Patna together with his close friend and nationalist Ganga Sharan Singh with whom he shared the foremost cordial and lasting friendly relationship. He won specific fame throughout the Quit India movement. Essay on Jayaprakash Narayan…
After being imprisoned in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan was jailed in Nasik Jail, wherever he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Basawon Singh, Yusuf Desai, C K Narayanaswami and different national leaders. Once his release, the Congress Socialist Party, a left-wing group inside the Congress, was shaped with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan as a General secretary.
Bihar Movement and Total Revolution:
1974 ushered during a year of high inflation, unemployment and lack of provides and essential commodities Narayan came back to prominence in State politics within the late Sixties. Nav Nirman Andolan movement of Gujarat asked Jayaprakash to guide a peaceful agitation. On eight April 1974, aged 72, he led a silent procession at Patna. The procession was lathee charged. On five June 1974, Jayaprakash self-addressed a large crowd at Gandhi Maidan in Patna.
He declared, “This may be a revolution, friends! we aren’t here just to check the Vidhan Sabha dissolved. that’s only 1 milestone on our journey. However, we have a long way to go… once twenty-seven years of freedom, people of this country are wracked by hunger, rising prices, corruption oppressed by all kinds of injustice it’s a complete Revolution we wish, nothing less!”.
He led the students’ movement within the state of Bihar that gradually developed into a well-liked people’s movement called the Bihar Movement in 1947. It was throughout this movement that JP gave a call for a peaceful Total Revolution. Along with V. M.
Death of Jayaprakash Narayan:
Narayan died in Patna, Bihar, on eight October 1979, 3 days before his 77th birthday, because of the effects of diabetes and heart ailments. Jayaprakash Narayan whereas he was in hospital In March 1979 and his death had been erroneously declared by the Indian prime minister, Morarji Desai, causing a quick wave of national mourning, together with the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and therefore the closure of schools and shops. once he was told regarding the gaffe a number of weeks later, he smiled.