Essay on Mother Teresa acknowledged within the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-Indian. Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She was born in Skopje then a part of the state Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. once living in Macedonia for eighteen years she touched to Ireland and so to India, wherever she lived for many of her life.
Teresa received a variety of honors, as well as the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was canonized on four Sep 2016, and also the anniversary of her death is her feast day In 1950 Teresa supported the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation that had over four,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012.
The congregation manages homes for individuals dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children’s- and family counseling programs; orphanages, and schools. Members, who take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, additionally profess a fourth vow: to grant “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor”. Essay on Mother Teresa….
The early life of Mother Teresa:
Essay on Mother Teresa: Teresa was born Anjezë Gonxhe Anjezë could be a cognate of “Agnes”; Gonxhe means that “rosebud” or “little flower”.On twenty-six August 1910 into a Kosovar Albanian family in the Skopje empire. She was baptized in Skopje, the day when her birth. She later thought of twenty-seven August, the day she was baptized, her “true birthday”.
Her father, who was concerned in Albanian-community politics in Macedonia, died in 1919 once she was eight years previous. He may are from Prizren, Kosovo, and her mother may are from a village close to Gjakova. Her resolve strong on fifteen August 1928 as she prayed at the shrine of the Black Madonna of Vitina-Letnice, wherever she usually went on pilgrimages.
Teresa left home in 1928 at age eighteen to join the Sisters of Loreto at Loreto Abbey in Rathfarnham, Ireland, to learn English with the read of changing into a missionary; English was the language of instruction of the Sisters of Loreto in India. She ne’er saw her mother or her sister once more. Her family lived in Skopje till 1934, after they affected to Tirana.
Missionaries of Charity:
On ten Sept 1946, Teresa experienced what she later represented as once she traveled by train to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling from Kolkata for her annual retreat. “I was to go away the convent and help the poor whereas living among them. it absolutely was an order. Joseph Langford later wrote, “Though nobody knew it at the time, Sister Mother Teresa had simply become Mother Teresa”.
She began missionary work with the poor in 1948, substitution her ancient Loreto habit with an easy, white cotton dress with a blue border. She supported a college in Motijhil, Kolkata before she began tending to the poor and hungry. At the start of 1949, Mother Teresa was joined in her effort by a bunch of young girls, and she or he arranged the foundation for a brand new spiritual community serving to the “poorest among the poor”.
She opened a hospice for those with leprosy, calling it Shanti Nagar. The Missionaries of Charity established leprosy-outreach clinics throughout Kolkata, providing medication, dressings, and food. The Missionaries of Charity took in an increasing range of homeless children; in 1955 Mother Teresa opened Nirmala Shishu Bhavan, the Children’s Home of the stainless Heart, as a haven for orphans and homeless youth.
Her efforts quickly caught the eye of Indian officers, as well as the prime minister. Mother Teresa wrote in her diary that her initial year was fraught with the problem. With no financial gain, she begged for food and provides and experienced doubt, loneliness and also the temptation to come back to the comfort of convent life throughout these early months.
Teresa said, “By blood, I’m Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I’m a Catholic nun. In my career, I belong to the world. On my heart, I belong entirely to the center of Jesus.”Fluent in 5 languages – Bengali, Albanian, Serbian, English, and Hindi – she created occasional trips. Mother Teresa saved thirty-seven youngsters trapped in a very front-line hospital by brokering a short-lived peace between the Israeli army and Palestinian guerrillas. Accompanied by Red Cross staff, she traveled through the war zone to the hospital to evacuate the young patients.
When Japanese Europe fell to enlarged openness within the late Nineteen Eighties, Mother Teresa make large her efforts to Communist countries that had avoided the Missionaries of Charity. She began dozens of comes, resolute by criticism of her stands against abortion and divorce: “No matter who says what, you must settle for it with a smile and do your own work.” She visited Armenia once the 1988 earthquake and met with Nikolai Ryzhkov, Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
By 1996, Mother Teresa operated 517 missions in over one hundred countries. Her Missionaries of Charity grew from twelve to thousands, serving the “poorest of the poor” in 450 centers worldwide.
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Declining health and death:
Teresa had an attack in Rome in 1983 whereas she was visiting Pope John Paul II. Following the second attack in 1989, she received a man-made pacemaker. In 1991, when a bout of pneumonia in Mexico, she had further heart issues. though Mother Teresa offered to resign as head of the Missionaries of Charity, in a secret ballot the sisters of the congregation voted for her to remain and he or she united to continue.
In April 1996 she fell, breaking her collarbone, and 4 months later she had malaria and heart disease. though Mother Teresa had heart surgery, her health was clearly declining. in line with the archbishop of city Henry Sebastian D’Souza, he ordered a priest to perform an exorcism once she was 1st hospitalized with viscus issues as a result of he thought she can be under attack by the devil.
On thirteen March 1997 Mother Teresa resigned as head of the Missionaries of Charity, and she died on five Sep. These enclosed hospices and houses for individuals with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and T.B., soup kitchens, children’s- and family counseling programs, orphanages, and faculties. The Missionaries of Charity were aided by co-workers list over one million by the Nineteen Nineties.