The Indian Institute of Technology IIT in India are located in India, and it is an independent public institute of higher education studies. The first Indian Institute of Technology has established in 1951 at the site of Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur. The Parliament of India declared IIT India as an Institute of National Importance and passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) ACT.
The First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru in the first Assembly for IITs Kharagpur in 1956 said: Here in the place of that Hijli Detention Camp stands the fine monument of India, representing India’s urges, India’s future in the making.
This picture seems to me symbolical of the changes that are coming to India. The IIT India are looked at and placed down their power, duties, and framework for governance, etc., by the Institute of Technology ACT 1961. The IIT-India were listed approximately at 23 institutes by the Institute of Technology ACT 1961 and are located at, Kharagpur, Bombay, Roorkee, Bhilai, Madras, Delhi, Dhanbad, Dharwad, Goa, Guwahati, Jammu, Kanpur, Palghat, Patna, Ropar, Tirupati, Bhubaneswar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Mandi, and Varanasi.
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Each IIT India is an independent institution which is joined to the others Institute through a common IIT Council which controls their administration. The IIT-India are independent bodies which are directly governed by the Parliament, and that’s why IIT India are required to answer the question raised in the Parliament regarding their status and work. From time to time MHRD also initiates activities for evaluation and improvements of IIT-India.
The IITs have a great green policy that aims to create a green office, that would carry out the green Audit and its institutional management practices such as energy, water, waste, construction projects, natural resources, and biodiversity conversion. Efforts are planned to calculate and control the carbon footprint within the campus. The Union HRD Minister is the ex-officio Chairperson of the IIT-India Council.
For undergraduate admissions the IIT-India had a common process which is called IIT-JEE, in 2013 it was replaced by a joint entrance examination. The M. Tech and MS degrees in engineering are looked at by the older IITs such as Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Dhanbad, Roorkee, Varanasi, and Guwahati. By (GATE), Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering M. Tech and MS admissions are selected.
The IIT-India also have other graduate degrees such as M. Sc in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry, MBA, Ph.D., etc. For all this program admission to IITs is done through (CAT) Common Admission Test, (JAM) Joint Admission Test for Masters and (CEED) Common Entrance Examination for Design. The Undergraduate design programs are also offered by IIT Guwahati and IIT Bombay.
The name of IIT in India, Location, and their short name:
Here we are giving you some information about the IIT India location, their short name, and their director’s name and the area of campus.
1-Name: IIT Kharagpur
Campus size: 2100 acres
Director: Partha Pratim Chakraborty
State: West Bengal.
2- Name: IIT Bombay
Campus size: 550 acres
Director: Devang V. Kakar
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3- Name: IIT Kanpur
Campus size: 1055 acres
Director: Indranil Manna
State: Uttar Pradesh.
4- Name: IIT Madras
Campus size: 620 acres
Director: Bhaskar Ramamurthi
State: Tamil Nadu.
5- Name: IIT Delhi
Campus size: 350 acres
Director: V Ramgopal Roa
6- Name: IIT Guwahati
Campus size: 704 acres
Director: Gautam Biswas
7- Name: IIT Roorkee
Campus size: 365 acres
Director: Ajit Kumar
8- Name: IIT Bhubaneshwar
Campus size: 936 acres
Director: R. V. Kumar
9- Name: IIT Gandhinagar
Campus size: 450 acres
Director: Sudhir K.Jain
10-Name: IIT Hyderabad
Campus size: 576 acres
Director: U. B. Desai
11-Name: IIT Jodhpur
Campus size: 852 acres
Director: C. V. R. Murthy
12-Name: IIT Patna
Campus size: 501 acres
Director: Pushpak Bhattacharya
13-Name: IIT Ropar
Campus size: 545 acres
Director: Sarit Kumar Das
14- Name: IIT Indore
Campus size: 525 acres
Director: Pradeep Mathur
State: Madhya Pradesh.
15- Name: IIT Mandi
Campus size: 538 acres
Director: Timothy Gonsalves
State: Himachal Pradesh.
16- Name: IIT Varanasi
Campus size: 400 acres
Director: Rajeev Sangal
State: Uttar Pradesh.
17- Name: IIT Palakkad
Campus size: 500 acres
18- Name: IIT Tirupati
Campus size: 590 acres
Director: K. N. Satyanarayana
State: Andhra Pradesh.
19- Name: IIT (ISM) Dhanbad
Short–Name: IITJ ISM
Campus size: 458 acres
Director: D. C. Panerai
20- Name: IIT Bhilai
Campus Size: ——–
21- Name: IIT Goa
Short–Name: IIT Goa
Campus Size: ——-
22- Name: IIT Jammu
Short–Name: IIT Jammu
Campus Size: ———–
State: Jammu Kashmir
23- Name: IIT Dharwad
Campus Size: ———-
History of IIT in India:
The Indian Institute of Technology IIT India is located in India, and it is an independent public institute of higher education studies. The first Indian Institute of Technology established in 1951 at the site of Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur. The parliament of India declared IIT India as an Institute of National Importance and passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) ACT.
The four campuses were made at Bombay in 1958, Madras in 1959, Kanpur in 1959 and Delhi in 1961 on the recommendation of the Sarkar Committee. To add the new IIT’s the Indian Institute of Technology ACT was made in 1961. In Assam, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi promises the creation of new IIT in Assam to the students of Assam. In 1960 this was the sixth campus at Guwahati under the Assam record. The University of Roorkee was India’s oldest engineering college which was given as IIT status in 2001.
Big developments were there in establishing new IITs over the past few years. Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on Oct 2003 announced to create more IITs by planning to upgrade the old academic institution which has the necessary potential. In Nov 2003 the development made about IITs formed a new committee which was named S K Joshi Committee to guide the new five IITs Institute which came in the form a new IITs.
Further, it was decided to spread IITs throughout the country, and at least 16 states were interested in making IIT in their region. But the guidelines for the IITs institution were very strict which were made by the S K Joshi Committee only seven institutions were selected in the final. Plans were also there to open the IITs abroad, but not enough progress has been made in this regard. Further many institutes were converted into IIT such as the Indian School of Mines Dhanbad in 2016.
The Institutes of Technology Act:
The parliament of India declared IIT India as an Institute of National Importance and passed the Indian Institute of Technology ACT. This ACT was taken as the base of IITs, and it has made a great role in making new IITs and converting the old colleges into IIT University status.
Education of IIT in India:
For education, the IIT in India gets a huge amount of funds by the government as compared to any other engineering colleges. To most of the engineering colleges the GOVT. Total funding is approximately 10 to 20 crores per year, and to the IIT in India, this funding varies around 100 to 130 crores per year. There are also many sources of funds in the IITs such as student fees, research funding from industry and contribution to education form the alumni.
To encourage the students for higher education, the IITs provide scholarships to all Master of Technology students and subsidize undergraduate student fees by at least 80 % as per the recommendation of the Thacker Committee. The fee cost by undergraduate students is approximately around Rs. 180,000 per year. Students who are physically challenged or are from the reserved categories such as ST/SC will get benefits in fee status at the IITs in India.
The language of instruction in all IIT in India is English, and the timing of classes held is between 7.30 am to 5.30 pm, but there are different from every IIT. For the benefit of the students, all IITs have public libraries with a collection of prescribed books for the use of students. There is also an electronic library in IITs which allow students to access online journal and periodicals. In IIT the academic policies are decided by the Senate which is selected by the election of the universities and all professors of IIT India and student representatives.
The Senate approves and controls the courses, examination, results and appoints a committee to look after the specific universities matters. To maintain the educational and university standard, the Senate looks after the teaching and research programs of the Institute. The ex-officio Chairman of the Senate is the Director of an IIT India.
Undergraduate Education of IIT India:
Regarding education in IIT India, the Bachelor of Technology (B-Tech) degree is the most similar ungraduated degree in the students although Master of Science or Master of Arts is also available in dual degrees. A four-year program attaches to eight semesters and is there for Bachelor of Technology courses. A five years program attach with ten semesters are there for dual degree courses. In IIT India there is a standard course department also such as Electronics, Mechanics, Chemistry, Physics, and Electricals.
In IIT Madras and IIT Roorkee, an option is given to the student to change their department at the end of the first year by student’s performance in the first to semesters. This is for very limited meritorious students to change their department. From the second year, there is no option for the student to change their department education the students have to study only from their chosen department. Most of the candidates are placed on the industries or organizations with the placement process of the IIT India. Although some candidates can opt-out for their career as to going for higher educations or take up jobs to the companies applying directly.
Postgraduate and Doctoral education of IIT India:
Master’s Degrees and Post Graduate Diplomas:
There are some postgraduate programs in IIT India such as (M Tech) Master of Technology, (M Sc) Master of Science and (MBA) Master of Business Administration only for engineers and postgraduates in science. There are special graduate programs in some of IIT such as (PGDIT) Postgraduate Diploma in Information Technology, (M.Des.) Master of Design, (MA) Master of Arts, (PGDIPL) Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law, (MMST) Master in Medical Science and Technology, (MCP) Master of City Planning and (PGDMON) Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operation and Management.
By (GATE), Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering M. Tech and MS admissions are selected. The IITs also have other graduate degrees such as M. Sc in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry, MBA, Ph.D., etc. For all this program admission to IITs is done through (CAT) Common Admission Test, (JAM) Joint Admission Test for Masters and (CEED) Common Entrance Examination for Design. The Undergraduate design programs are also offered by IIT Guwahati and IIT Bombay. Many of IITs have a school of management giving master’s degrees in management or business management. Some also offer an M.S. program which is similar to M Tech to US universities.
Bachelors-Masters Dual Degree:
The IIT India also offers Dual Degree which is individual B Tech and M Tech education program. It consists of the six-year program in which B Tech for four years and followed by M-Tech for two years. Some of the IITs also offers a Master of Science program which joins undergraduate and postgraduate education in science flows in a single degree program against the university system. The students to complete his post-graduation education from IIT instead of going to another institute this program was started.
As a part of doctoral education program, the IIT in India also offer the (Ph.D.) Doctor of Philosophy Degree. In this program, the students have to work on a consultancy project given by the industries or by the professor about the topic of academic interest. This program duration is undecided, and it depends on the specific project given. The Ph.D. students have to give a dissertation as well as provide an oral test for their thesis. The assistantships of teaching and research are often provided by IIT India. Around 80% of all Engineering Ph.D. in India are accounted from IIT’s, NIT’s and IISc. Now onwards without the GATE score, the students are allowed for Ph.D. admission in IIT in India.